Non-Degree / Dates: 12-23 July 2021

This course will analyze the formation of global norms and international regimes. It will take a multifaceted approach looking at the role of ideas, institutions, as well as material factors. It will also evaluate the formation of global norms within the context of the changing world order, which his seeing a reduced role for the United States as well as more diversity of regime type and ideologies. This will create multiple problems for the formation of global norms. The role that regions can play in establishing norms and international regimes will be studied. Also, what the changing world order means for the ability of small states to play a part in the formation of norms will be highlighted. Together examples of cyber security norms, environmental, trade, and other norms will be studied in depth.

Reasons for opening the course: The world is currently in turmoil as the post-World War two liberal world order transitions into the great unknown. As non-Western countries grow their influence, the way that global norms and international law are formed will have to adapt. As a member state of NATO and the EU, Estonia has benefited greatly from the liberal world order. Understanding what this change means for Estonia and how a small state like Estonia can operate within it will be one of the goals of the course.

One specific way that Estonia’s budding industries (ICT, health technologies, etc.) have benefited is due to Estonia’s ability to brand itself as an e-state and Estonia’s ability to play a role in the shaping of international norms. Some examples include the Tallinn Manual and the Tallinn Manual 2 which have played an important role in the formation of cyber security norms. Estonia’s participation in the EU and in other diplomatic endeavors have given it a voice on internet governance and other related norms that then enforce Estonia’s brand as an e-state. This brand has a significant spillover impact on the industries in a way that does not show up in the balance sheets of a company or the tax code of the country. This course will help establish what the changing order will mean for the formation of global norms and what processes and actors can play a role in their continued formation. For Estonia, it is critical that it continues to have a global voice and a global image.

Why this online course?

  • This course helps the students to understand the factors contributing to the changing world order and the impact the changing world order will have on the stability of current global norms as well as the formation of new global norms.

  • The course is multidisciplinary in nature, being based on the disciplines of Law and International Relations (IR). The approach of the course is to take several complementary frameworks into account when explaining the changing world order and the formation of global norms.

  • The course is beneficial for students with a variety of educational backgrounds, including IR, law, economics, sociology, history, human geography, political science, and more.


Tiina Pajuste, Ph.D, is a Associate Professor of International and European law at Tallinn University.  Dr. Pajuste received her PhD from the University of Cambridge on “Accountability Mechanisms for International Organisations”.  Before her doctoral studies, she completed a Diploma in International Law at Cambridge, on the accountability of international territorial administrations. She also holds a LLM in Public International Law from the University of Helsinki (Finland) and a BA in Law from the University of Tartu (Estonia). Her research interests focus mainly on the activity and impact of international organisations, examining both practical and theoretical issues.

Matthew Crandall, Ph.D, is an Associate Professor of International Relations at Tallinn University (Estonia) where he also defended his PhD. He completed a master’s degree in EU-Russian Studies from the University of Tartu (Estonia) and a bachelor’s degree from Brigham Young University in Political Science (USA). He has published in Contemporary Security Policy, Defence Studies, and East European Politics, and his major field of research is small state foreign and security policies.


Real time video lectures will take place in Zoom from Monday to Friday from 10:00 to 13:15 (Ensure you have a stable and reliable internet connection).
Time Zone:  UTC/GMT +3 hours (Check the time difference to your location)

Please see also the full programme.


The course is appealing for a broad base of students, not just those with a law or IR background. Students with a variety of educational backgrounds will benefit from the course including those with a background in: economics, sociology, history, human geography, political science, and more.

Credit points

Upon full participation and completion of course work students will be awarded 6 ECTS points and a certificate of completion.

Assessment criteria:
Paper – 60%
Group work from week one – 25%
Reading reflection from week two – 15%
Each assignment must be completed with a 60% or higher to receive a passing grade.


Tallinn Summer School has received funding from the Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to offer scholarships for applicants applying for this course.

15 full scholarships covering the online course fee to students from the following countries: Afghanistan, Belarus, Georgia, Ghana, Moldova, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa and Ukraine.

The application deadline is 28 June! Please fill in the application form here.

"Great course, I learned a lot and the instructors definitely took advantage of technology to make this online class as smooth as possible."

Luis, United States
The Formation of Global Norms in a Changing World Order (Online edition) #tss2020